PRP – What is Regenerative Medicine?
Regenerative medicine is a fast-emerging branch of veterinary medicine in which the body’s own cells are used to heal and ultimately regenerate damaged tissues in acute and chronic conditions. This area of medicine includes platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and stem cell therapies.
What is Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)?
Platelet-rich plasma is an autologous (self-derived) conditioned plasma that contains a high concentration of platelets. Platelets contain numerous growth factors that facilitate tissue repair and healing. These growth factors are contained in the alpha granule portion of the cell and are released from the platelet when it is activated (usually at an area of injury). A few examples of these growth factors are: Transforming Growth Factor β (TGF-β), Platelet-Derived Growth Factor (PDGF), Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF-1), Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF), Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) and Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF). The roles of these growth factors range from vessel development and repair to cellular recruitment and activation.